What are contextual effects in dating dating and marriage customs in america

20-Jun-2018 07:07

It has been found that fathers are firmer in their expectations for gender conformity than are mothers, and their expectations are stronger for sons than they are for daughters (Kimmel 2000).This is true in many types of activities, including preference of toys, play styles, discipline, chores, and personal achievements.Gender socialization occurs through four major agents of socialization: family, education, peer groups, and mass media.Each agent reinforces gender roles by creating and maintaining normative expectations for gender-specific behavior.The phrase “boys will be boys” is often used to justify behavior such as pushing, shoving, or other forms of aggression from young boys.The phrase implies that such behavior is unchangeable and something that is part of a boy’s nature.

Children acquire these roles through socialization, a process in which people learn to behave in a particular way as dictated by societal values, beliefs, and attitudes.Aggressive behavior, when it does not inflict significant harm, is often accepted from boys and men because it is congruent with the cultural script for masculinity.The “script” written by society is in some ways similar to a script written by a playwright.African-American families, for instance, are more likely than Caucasians to model an egalitarian role structure for their children (Staples and Boulin Johnson 2004).The reinforcement of gender roles and stereotypes continues once a child reaches school age.

Children acquire these roles through socialization, a process in which people learn to behave in a particular way as dictated by societal values, beliefs, and attitudes.Aggressive behavior, when it does not inflict significant harm, is often accepted from boys and men because it is congruent with the cultural script for masculinity.The “script” written by society is in some ways similar to a script written by a playwright.African-American families, for instance, are more likely than Caucasians to model an egalitarian role structure for their children (Staples and Boulin Johnson 2004).The reinforcement of gender roles and stereotypes continues once a child reaches school age.Gender stereotyping involves overgeneralizing about the attitudes, traits, or behavior patterns of women or men.